The basic concept of Genetic Algorithms is designed to simulate processes in natural system necessary for evolution, specifically those that follow the principles first laid down by Charles Darwin of survival of the fittest. This book is designed to provide an in-depth knowledge on the basic operational features and characteristics of Genetic Algorithms. The various operators and techniques given in the book are pertinent to carry out Genetic Algorithm Research Projects. The book features basic concepts, several applications of genetic algorithms and solved genetic problems using MATLAB software and C/C++. It is written for a wide range of readers who wish to learn the basic concepts of genetic algorithms with a minimal effort.